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Nanqiao Ancient Chinese Garden

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-02 18:54
The words "ancient Chinese garden" on Zhaobi, which is vigorous and clear, is the title of Mr. Song Richang, the former vice mayor of Shanghai. The reason why the garden is called "ancient Chinese garden" is that Huating county was established in the tenth year of Tianbao (751 AD) of Tang Dynasty. From then on, it went through the Tang, song, yuan and Ming Dynasties, until Fengxian County was built in the fourth year of Yongzheng (1726 AD) of Qing Dynasty. In this period of 975 years, it belongs to Huating county. The park is The Place of "ancient Chinese Pavilion", so it is named "ancient Chinese".
The back of the screen wall is a large-scale blue stone relief. Above the center of the relief is the scene of Yanzi lecturing. Sitting in the middle is Yanzi. On both sides are local squires. They are listening to Yanzi's sermons. Yanzi, surnamed Yanming, is the ninth sage among the seventy-two sages of Confucius. Yanzi, born in Changshu, Jiangsu Province, is the only disciple of Confucius in the south of the Yangtze River. It is said that when Yanzi was invited here to give lectures and preach, the local gentry were very religious and obedient to them, so as to develop economy, prosper culture, enrich grain, prosper six animals, and present a beautiful picture of rising and thriving. The name of Fengxian County, "to serve the sages of Yanzi", reflects the fine tradition of worshiping literature and respecting sages.
Guhua Park is a garden building in the south of the Yangtze River, with 63% of green area and 22% of water area. There are two lakes in the park, East and West, and around the river (now connected in the north and East). There are 22 bridges of different shapes and sizes connecting the park. The building area of pavilions, pavilions and pavilions is 5600m2.
In the north of Zhaobi, which is the South Bank of "West Lake", there is a flagstone curved bridge stretching into the lake. On the bridge, there are three pavilions, the East Pavilion is called "shuixiangting", the West Pavilion is called "shuimingting", the middle Pavilion is called "shuilvting", and the names of the three pavilions are written by calligraphers Lin Zhongxing, Hu Wensui and Zhao Lengyue respectively. These two pavilions are arranged in the form of "product", so they are also called "product Pavilions".
The name of Guhua Park Bridge can be found in Fengxian's historical records. It is from the two sides of pinting to the shore, turning north and east along the stone track beside the lake. There are "Qixiu bridge", "Feihong bridge" and "xiaoyuntai bridge" successively. Due to the negligence of the bridge builders, the names of two of the bridges were transposed. Which two bridges do you think are? They are "flying rainbow bridge" and "xiaoyuntai bridge". The word "Taiwan" in "xiaoyuntai bridge" means platform, not arch bridge as its name implies. It is recorded in history that this bridge was originally built at the bottom of Yuntai lane, South Street, Nanqiao Town, west of xiaoyuntai temple, in the late period of Guangxu in Qing Dynasty. It was originally Xiaomu bridge, which was rebuilt into double stone slab bridge in 1920s. There are two meanings of "Feihong bridge". One is that the bridge is a single hole arch bridge, whose shape is like a round of rainbow; the other is that the north side of the bridge is a hillock, on which the original "mountain spring" (man-made) is sprayed down, thus splashing water in the pool beside the bridge. Under the sunshine, people can enjoy the landscape of "water splashing rainbow reflection" on the bridge, and the north side of the bridge is worthy of the name“ Flying rainbow bridge.
In the north of xiaoyuntai bridge, there is the "three women's ancestral hall" of the south wall gate corridor, and the mound is the "three women's hill". According to Fengxian's history, in the spring and Autumn period, Wu and Yue vied for hegemony. Gou Jian, the king of Yue, became a powerful nation through his hard work and hard work. However, Gou Jian, the king of Wu, was extravagant and lecherous. He indulged in wine and lust and belittled slanderers. At last, Gou Jian led his cavalry to drive straight men. The king of Wu sent his husband to flee from Gusu to the south, passing through erlixu in the north of Nanqiao town. Fearing that the three women might fall into Goujian's hands, he buried them here. Therefore, he was later called "three women's Gang" and built "three women's Gang" Memorial Hall ", to commemorate. There have been many literati and calligraphers in the past dynasties, who have gone to visit and pay homage, leaving many good sentences. In the Song Dynasty, Mei Shengyu wrote "three women's hills" poem: "the king of Wu buried three women, because of the name of this hill. Has changed that charm quality, together with LAN Huisheng - Chan Juan night moon shine, dark high fog flat. If the ancient soul remains, it will not be far away to close the city of Lu ". Wang Anshi's "three female hills" poem: "since ancient times, the world's male, generous good reputation. How powerful was it to make the dead live. It's a pity that there are three women in one hill. If there is a voice and a face, heaven is the city of men. " During the construction of Guhua Park, in order to facilitate tourists to visit and hang, ancient temples and mounds were built in the park.
On the east side of sannugang is a hilltop. How high is the hilltop? Haiba is more than 3000-cm. On the top of the hilltop is an octagonal pavilion with a 13 meter high appearance and three floors. It's called "Wanghai Pavilion". It's the main attraction of the ancient Chinese garden. When the sky is clear, standing in Wanghai Pavilion, we can overlook Hangzhou Bay and see the sea Small and medium-sized Jinshan island.
Walk down the Wanghai Pavilion, walk along the stone track to the East, turn south, and cross the "Jiexiu bridge", that is to say, to the "garden in the garden" of Guhua Garden - "autumn water garden". There are four water rings here, and there are bridges connecting the north and the South and the West. ·In the garden, there are pools, Taihu stones and winding corridors. There is a "transcendental hall" in the north of the pool. The name of the calligraphy Hall of Professor Chen Congzhou, a famous ancient garden leader in China, is inscribed on the board. The so-called "transcendence" is the social environment beyond the clamor, even beyond the world of mortals. It is a pure place for self-cultivation, reading and learning, and enjoying oneself. There are "listening Pavilion" in the north of the pool, "Hanbi Pavilion" in the west of the pool, "Xianghua bridge" in the north of the pavilion and "moon Pavilion" in the south of the pool. There are not many Taihu stones in the ancient Chinese garden, but only a few of them can reflect the characteristics of "thin, transparent, leaky and wrinkled" Taihu stone. The so-called "thin" means that the stone should be "slim"

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