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Chongming Dongtan Bird Reserve

Source:www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-02 19:19

Chongming Dongtan bird National Nature Reserve 




  Chongming Dongtan bird National Nature Reserve is a wetland type nature reserve with migratory birds as the main protection object. It is located at the estuary of the Yangtze River and at the easternmost end of Chongming Island, the third largest island in China. It is formed by the deposition of a large amount of sediment carried by the Yangtze River. It is the largest and most developed estuarine tidal flat wetland in the Yangtze River Estuary. It is narrow in North and south, wide in East and West, and within the area The tidal channels are densely distributed, and the high, middle and low tidal flat zones are very obvious, which is an important channel for migrating water birds in the Asia Pacific region.

The area of the reserve is 241.55 square kilometers, accounting for 7.8% of the total wetland area of Shanghai, which is divided into three parts: the core area, the buffer area and the experimental area. The east beach of Chongming is a subtropical climate with prevailing East Asian monsoon. The annual average temperature is 15.3 ℃. In winter, due to the influence of surface heat effect on three sides, the temperature is 1 ℃ higher than that in the west of Chongming Island. The water area is not frozen, which is very conducive to the overwintering of waterfowl. Therefore, it has become an important "post" and breeding and overwintering place for waterfowl on the migratory route of birds in the Asia Pacific region, and it is also a popular place for breeding and overwintering of waterfowl It is an ideal place to study estuarine science at home and abroad.
The reserve is located in the intersection of ocean, river, land and island, and its biodiversity is extremely complex and unique. Although the vegetation of the beach is relatively simple, mainly composed of reed, Scirpus and Scirpus mariqueter, it plays an important role in the deposition of the beach due to its large production, and creates a good living environment for other organisms, and at the same time, it nurtures 70% - 80% of the Shanghai area %Species. At present, 290 species, 50 families, 17 orders, have been recorded in Dongtan, Chongming. There are 20 species of birds listed in the Red Book of endangered animals in China; 156 and 54 species of birds listed in the agreement on the protection of migratory birds and their habitats between the governments of China, Japan and China and Australia, respectively; there are at least 12 species of wading birds more than 1% of the world population. Every year, there are more than one million water birds transiting and wintering in Chongming east beach, including 4 species of Oriental White Stork, black stork, white headed crane and white tailed Sea Eagle under national first level protection; 35 species of national second level protected animals, such as black faced Spoonbill, Little Swan, grey crane, mandarin duck, little Curlew, little green snipe, etc. There are four types of bird groups in Chongming Dongtan, they are waders, geese and ducks, cranes and gulls.
According to the investigation of more than 10 years, especially the investigation of wading birds and overwintering waterfowls during the three consecutive years from 1996 to 1998, the east beach of Chongming is an important post station on the migratory route of migratory birds. Meanwhile, the east beach of Chongming is also an important overwintering place for rare waterfowls such as white headed crane and little swan. Among them, the first-class national protected bird, white headed crane, has chosen the east beach of Chongming as the overwintering place for more than 10 consecutive years, with a number of more than 130 Only.
Dongtan, Chongming, is also a necessary passage for many kinds of organisms to trace and descend the river. Among the existing 10 kinds of mammals, 73 kinds of fish and 31 kinds of crustaceans, many important species, such as Baiji, Chinese sturgeon, Hairy crabs, eel seedlings with the name of "soft gold", etc., as well as mud snails, Macrobrachium nipponense, sea melon seeds, etc Many economic animals with abundant resources depend on this special water area for their important life history, such as foraging, breeding, young sports fertilizer, etc. There are 16 species of amphibians and reptiles, 21 species of molluscs, 13 species of annelids and 73 species of insects.
Memorabilia of the reserve:
In 1992, the action plan of China's biodiversity conservation formulated by 10 ministries and commissions of the State Council listed Chongming Dongtan as a priority conservation sequence;
In 1998, the reserve was established with the approval of Shanghai Municipal People's government;
In April 1999, the reserve management office was officially established, which is now subordinate to Shanghai Municipal Bureau of afforestation (SFA);
In July 1999, Chongming Dongtan was admitted as a member unit of "East Asia Australia migratory Wade reserve network" by wetland International Asia Pacific Organization;
In January 2002, the protected area and the adjacent 84 square kilometers of constructed wetland were listed as international important wetlands;
In July 2005, it was promoted to a national nature reserve with the approval of the State Council;
In November 2005, China Wildlife Protection Association awarded Chongming the reputation of "hometown of white headed Crane" among the 12 "hometown of Chinese birds".
In October 2006, it was awarded by the State Forestry Administration and listed in the first batch of 51 national demonstration nature reserves.

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