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Qibao Temple

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-07 10:11





Qibaojiao temple, located at No. 1205, Xinzhen Road, Qibao town, Minhang District, Shanghai, has no way to dig the earth. According to the records of Minhang library, the earliest written record began in the period of 936-946, which was written in 1590, the 18th year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty.

Introduction to temples

Qibaojiao temple, originally located in lubaoshan, Songjiang, is now 1205 Xinzhen Road, Qibao town, Minhang District, Shanghai, commonly known as lubaoan and lubaoyuan. It is said that when the nunnery was moved to Songjiang in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, Qian Liu, king of Wuyue, gave it the Lotus Sutra of gold treasure, and said, "this is also a treasure.". The temple was renamed Qibao Temple. Because of the river, it moved to qibaodi in the early Song Dynasty.

Humanistic history

History of construction

The exact time when the Qibao temple was built is impossible to test. According to the inscription "the inscription of the Great Hall of Qibao Temple rebuilt" written in the 18th year of Wanli (1590) of the Ming Dynasty, it is said that "Miao can't be checked since its founding", only that it migrated from Wusong River to the local area. Another way of saying is that Lu Ji and Lu Yun brothers (known as "Yunjian Erlu"), the famous writers in Songjiang, Western Jin Dynasty, were killed by Sima Ying, king of Chengdu, Jin Dynasty. Their descendants built a temple of incense to sacrifice them, called "Lu Bao Temple", later renamed "Lu Bao'an", nearly 1700 years ago.

In the Five Dynasties, Qian Liu, the king of Wuyue, once stayed there, mistook "Lu Bao" for "six treasures", and gave the princess the calligraphy "Lotus Sutra of gold treasure" as one of the seven treasures, saying "this is also a treasure". So it was renamed "Qibao Temple". There is a popular saying of "seven treasures" among the people: Flying Buddha, bell, Golden Lotus Sutra, sacred tree, Golden Chicken, Jade axe and jade chopsticks. "

After that, the temple foundation was damaged by the tide of Wusong River and moved to Qibao town for three times. At the beginning of Song Dynasty, qibaojiao Temple moved to the west of Hengli port in the north of Puhuitang, where Qibao town is now located. Zhiyun: "the town has no old name, because the temple gets its name, the temple has no weight, because the town values it." It can be seen that Qibao town is another ancient town named after the temple, so it is called Qibao town. Qibao temple is famous, and Qibao town is prosperous. In the early years of Song Dynasty, Zhang zeshe, a man from qibaoli, built a temple, and the monks and monks believed in rebuilding it together. The Kalan of Qibao temple is the Zhangze of Qibao. In the first year of Dazhong Xiangfu (1008), Emperor Zhenzong of Song Dynasty granted a plaque to the qibaojiao temple, which became the authentic Zen forest.

In the Yuan Dynasty, the eminent monk of the seven Treasures Temple, Jing Gong, was once called to the capital by the emperor. Yuan Kai, Tu Long, Chen Mei Gong, etc. all had seven treasures. Zhao Mengfu's poem "seven Treasures Temple" is the earliest existing one. It says: "explore the land of treasures, crown the forest with famous temples.". The Institute set up the machine cloud generation, which was described as Wu Yue Jin. The frost bell is clear, the crane is startled, and the pool bamboo is green. On the Yuan Dynasty, don't look for the peach land. The poem reflects the seven Treasures Temple seven or eight hundred years ago, surrounded by Sanskrit sound, clear bell sound, and the atmosphere of spiritual purification is very touching!

It was gradually destroyed in the later hundreds of years.

In the 13th year of Wanli (1585) in the Ming Dynasty, there was a three-level fund-raising and reconstruction of Li Ren and Xu, and the mountain gate was facing the North Street. Later, the temple monk Chengye raised funds to build the main hall and three Xianghua bridges in the East, West and middle. In this regard, the temple covers an area of more than 40 mu, and the Temple River covers an area of about 6 mu, with more than 1000 buildings. There are lotus pond, bamboo forest, plum garden, five generations of juniper, arhat pine and other precious trees in the temple. Here, "the exchange of interest and festivals will be the trend, the newspaper will go when you are old, the public and private meetings will be gathered, and the new clock and drum will be heard.". In the book of rebuilding the seven Treasures Temple written by the Jinshi Wang Hui during the Jiajing period, it describes the magnificent scene of the temple at that time, such as the temple hall, the monks' houses, the painted sedan chair stone path, the flower bank and the smoke willow. At this time, it should be the most prosperous period of qibaojiao temple, which makes Qibao town develop rapidly and become a local important town.


Related Legends

It is said that there once was a famous monk in qibaojiao Temple who respected the Lord. He chanted Sutras in the temple all the year round and sat on his couch. He often preached for the monks of the temple, who were called to honor the preacher. He is good at writing poems and poems, and has "qingsongji" in the world. In the Hongwu Period of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1398), the imperial court summoned eminent monks from all over the world, who were also called to the capital. At that time, Yuan Kaite, a retired supervisor in Songjiang City, presented a poem "send the monk of Qibao temple to Jinggong to Jinling", which became a famous poem. Among the remaining inscriptions on the bronze bell of the existing temple, there are "monks of the seven Treasures Temple of the Ming Dynasty "Respect for the public and preach the Lord" and other words can be distinguished, so that future generations can see its figure in those days.

In 1995, Qibao Park was built here, in which seven treasures were displayed (different from those in Baolian pool in Qibao temple at present). At that time, people could go in and out at will.

The current situation of Qibao Temple

Today's Qibao temple was relocated and rebuilt in 2002. It has a simple and solemn architectural style in the Han and Tang Dynasties. It is divided into two parts: temple and garden, covering an area of 43 mu. There are Jiaosi bridge, Zhengshan gate, bell and Drum Tower, Tianwang hall, Daxiong hall, scripture hall, Dharma hall, sutra collection building, 60xingxiu corridor and pagoda. There are Peony Garden and jubaolian pool in the east of the temple. There is a Peony Pavilion in the peony garden. The Jubao lotus pool gathers six bronze sculptures of zhensi temple. The bronze statues of Buddhas come here to worship in the Buddha Hall. There are galleries and poetry galleries around jubaolian pool, which is called "ancient style gallery". Huixin garden is set in the west of the temple. In the garden, there are many trees, grass and flowers. In addition, there are Tingsong Pavilion, fengri Pavilion and jingchuangtai. The jingchuangtai is carved delicately and of great ornamental value. In the original southwest corner, there are four cliffs, namely "the road of the river beam and the plank", "the peach red on the cliff", "the cloud platform of the isolated mountain" and "the wind and cloud of the Yilin". In front of the Tianwang palace, there is a square, which is believed to burn incense on the square and offer vows. The temple is adjacent to the confluence of Puhuitang River and henglijing river. The opening ceremony was held on January 23, 2003.

Introduction to scenery

Famous scenic spots: seven pagodas, four heavenly kings, Mahavira hall, sixty life statues, ten star statues, four Avalokitesvara statues

Seven pagoda

The full name of the seven treasure pagoda is the seven treasure glazed exquisite pagoda. It was founded in 2002. The tower is 47 meters high and has 7 floors in total. The bottom layer of the pagoda is the North King of the four heavenly kings, who hears more about pisama, the king of heaven, who protects the wealth and keeps the wealth; the second layer of the pagoda is the most familiar Guanyin Bodhisattva in the South China Sea; the third layer is the extinction and longevity medicine master Buddha; the fourth layer is Amitabha; the fifth layer is the Tibetan king Bodhisattva; the sixth layer is the wenzhushili Bodhisattva; the seventh layer is the Wenqu Xingjun. In addition, there are thousands of corresponding micro shrines on each floor of the tower for the good believers to worship. Every night, the seven pagodas are decorated with lanterns and the sound of Buddha is curling up. The residents around can stand on the balcony and worship at any time. It can be said that the disaster can be eliminated and the disaster can be avoided. They want to achieve what they want.

The four heavenly kings

The Temple of Heaven is the first pass to enter the temple. GuanShiYin is worshipped at the entrance and Weituo at the exit. The four kings of Heaven (also known as the four King Kong, who are the four generals of the devil family in the list of gods) display the Dharma protectors on both sides of the hall.

The four heavenly kings, also known as the four heavenly kings of protecting the world, are the four gods in the twenty heavens of Buddhism. They are located in the first heavy sky, and the first heavy sky is also called the four heavenly kings. They are usually arranged on both sides of the first heavy Hall of the pure land Buddhist temple. Therefore, the heavenly king hall gets its name. It is said that the four heavenly kings live on the four peaks on the hillside of Xumi mountain. The four heavenly kings are also known as "good weather". Chinese Buddhists believe that in the south, the king of heaven holds the sword and the wind; in the East, the king of heaven holds the Pipa and the tune; in the north, the king of heaven holds the umbrella and the rain; in the west, the king of Guangmu holds the snake and the wind. The combination has become "smooth weather".

Main hall

The Mahavira hall is The Place where Buddha worships incense. In the temple, there are Buddha statues, Manjusri Bodhisattva and Guanyin Bodhisattva, and sixteen Arhats [Bintou luthuruoshe (commonly known as "sitting on the deer and Luohan"), kanoka kawakaya ("Celebrating the arhat", knowing all the good and evil laws "), kanoka baliri Yishe (holding the bowl of Luohan), Su pintuo (tota Luohan), nujoro (sitting in silence and Luohan), batoro (crossing the river and Luohan), which means" virtuous man " He is a Buddhist, a Buddhist, a Buddhist, a Buddhist, a Buddhist, a Buddhist, a Buddhist, a Buddhist, a Buddhist, a Buddhist, a Buddhist, a Buddhist and a Buddhist His own son, nagasina ("dig ear arhat", meaning "dragon army", which is used to be called "Naxian bhikkhu"), yingadha ("cloth bag arhat"), varasas ("Bajiao arhat"), ashdodo ("long eyebrow arhat", Buddha's waiter), zhucha bantoga ("gatekeeper arhat", who is the younger brother of bantoga)].

In the wing rooms on both sides, the flying Buddhas are enshrined. In addition, a room for good believers to make a ashram is provided.

Sixty lives are too old

Entering the gate of the qibaojiao temple in the ancient town of Minhang, Shanghai, you can see the Yuanchen corridor on the left side, where there are statues of the 60jiazi Yuanchen star God. In Buddhist temples, it is rare to see the worship of 60 Xingxiu gods believed by Taoism The protection god of the first day is the 60 Xingxiu gods believed in by Taoism. Each God's name is derived from the circulation of tiangan (jiayibingdingwuji genxinrengui) and dizhi (zichoyinmao has not applied for youxuhai in the afternoon). It is also called 60yuan God. The year of birth is called the year of birth. Every year, there is a Xingxiu God - Taisui is the year of value. Taisui changes every year and there is a big cycle of 60 years. The Taisui in the year of the original life is his own Taisui or his own Xingjun or his own Xingxiu God. This life star is also his own "God of protection".

In the old days, on the first day of spring, the worshipper ordered the first star to stay with the God, praying for good luck and good luck. It was called "seeking Shunde" or "welcoming Shunxing" or "sacrificing Shunxing". Now, the belief of worshiping the God of stars, the God of stars, to obtain his protection, is still very popular.

Ten big stars

Jupiter < / b >: the true king of the eastern wood virtue, who is responsible for all things, turns miserable into comfortable.

Venus < / b >: King Dezhen in the west, the Lord will gather all things and accomplish success.

Mars < / b >: the southern Huode Xingjun, who is responsible for the growth and maintenance of all things, and the candle hole is tiny.

Mercury < / b >: the water in the north is virtuous, beneficial to all things, and contains true pregnant spirit.

Saturn < / b >: in the center of the earth is true king. He is the master of all kinds of education in four seasons. He is successful.

Moon Polo star < / b >: Moon Polo is one of the 11 things that astrologers say. Taiyin is the God of the moon. In Taoism, the moon is the God of the night. Taoism is called the moon and the stars.

Sun Star<;/b>;:Sun Star King

Obsidian < / b >: Star of the moon

Jidu star (luozhuxing) < / b >: luozhuxing is a dark star, and the dead body is turned into Jidu star (comet). Luozhuxing and Jidu are called Luoji together. Because they go in the opposite direction with the sun and the moon, they are called the God of eclipse.

Four sides Guanyin

Qibaojiao temple is surrounded by Avalokitesvara statues, which are made of nickel and white copper. The overall height is about 5 meters, showing a dynamic multimedia shape. The Avalokitesvara in golden cassock is a multimedia sculpture combining digital three-dimensional imaging, remote control technology and traditional culture, which embodies the great compassion of Avalokitesvara for universal life and seeking voice to save suffering.

Four golden cassock Avalokitesvara, namely east, West, South and North. In the East, the statue holds a water bottle to symbolize the gospel; in the west, the statue holds a Buddha bead to symbolize compassion; in the south, the statue holds a lotus flower to symbolize peace; in the north, the statue holds a scripture case to symbolize wisdom, and the whole golden Avalokitesvara statue is solemn and compassionate. The holy image of Avalokitesvara, which is exempt from compassion, wisdom, peace, and gospel, embodies the moral of holding thousands of hands, shining thousands of eyes on the wind, and seeking for voice and salvation. [golden cassock] is to let the holy statue of Guanyin stand out in the purple dense sky and water, and the holy shadow of the golden statue with flowing clothes, so as to highlight the visual effect of Guanyin Bodhisattva's spiritual perception.

On November 8-14, 2008, the seventh permanent day of the great Dharma society of Jianming, Yangliang, Shuili, land and air was restarted in longlong, and the opening ceremony of four Avalokitesvara Bodhisattvas was held at 10 a.m. on November 15

Tourism information

Address: no.1205, Xinzhen Road, Qibao town, Minhang District Metro: No.9 Metro Line 10 branch line

Bus: No.173, 753, 763, Hu she Kun line, Hu song special line, Danshui Road, No.92

Ticket price per capita: 5 yuan in normal times, 15 yuan in the first and 15th days of the first lunar month

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