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Zuibaichi Park

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-07 15:48





Zuibaichi in Songjiang is one of the famous classical gardens in the south of the Yangtze River and a tourist attraction in Shanghai. From the predecessor of the garden. There are many ancient trees, pavilions and historic sites in the park. Its curved bars, cross sills, corridors and winding paths are antique. There are five classical gardens in Shanghai: Shanghai Yu Garden, Jiading ancient garden, Qiu Xia garden, Qingpu Qu Shui garden and Songjiang drunk white pond. Zuibaichi is the oldest of the five gardens.


Basic survey

Zuibaichi, formerly known as the private garden of Zhu Zhichun, a scholar of Songjiang in Song Dynasty, is called "Guyang garden". Park name means that this is a famous park in Luji and Luyun's hometown. Because Lu Ji once wrote a poem that "it's like the valley water sun", saying that his hometown is in the valley water sun. Zhu Zhichun named the garden after famous sentences. All previous dynasties have expanded on the basis of "guyangyuan". At the end of the Ming Dynasty, Dong Qichang, a famous calligrapher and painter in Songjiang and Minister of rites, built buildings such as "four sides hall" and "doubting navigation" here, and United a group of scholars at that time to chant poems and Fu here, chanting and interpreting constantly. During the Qing Dynasty Kangxi, Gu Dashen, a famous painter, listed this place as a private villa. He inherited and developed the artistic essence of classical garden architecture. Using the characteristic of Songjiang's most beautiful Jiangnan waterfront and beautiful scenery, the seven hundred square meter rectangular Lotus Pond was the main body, and the garden bank was constructed by means of irregular and symmetrical gardening. With bamboo, plum, rockery and strange stones as the complementary and integrated parts, this famous zuibai pool in the south of the Yangtze River has been built. Why is it called "zuibai pool"? There are two sources of false and real.

When the master built the garden, he thought that if Li Bai, the great poet, would come here for a leisurely tour, he would be fascinated by the scenery on the pool and by the garden beside the pool. So the garden on the pond is called "drunk white pond"! Specifically, he thought that Han Qi, a poet who had been a senior official in the Song Dynasty, was very intoxicated with the poems of Bai Juyi, a poet of the Tang Dynasty. He once built a classical hall called zuibaotang in Anyang, Henan Province, his hometown. Gu Dashen also worshipped Bai Juyi very much, and was often intoxicated with the beautiful artistic conception of Bai Juyi's poems, so he also imitated Han Qi's practice and named his garden zuibaotang. " "Zuibaichi" is a new and unique name with profound meaning and beautiful artistic conception. After several times of rejuvenation, abandonment and disaster, zuibaichi finally ushered in a vibrant spring. After several renovations and expansions, today's zuibai pool not only has the style of the South Garden of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, which is matched by the mountains and clear pools, and the corridors and porches, but also has the characteristics of a lot of historical sites and the constant whereabouts of celebrities. Today, there are pavilions and pavilions, such as four halls, letianxuan, doubting fat, xuehaitang, baochenglou, and Caotang on the pool, as well as art treasures such as the stone carvings of Bangyan's portraits, historical and artistic steles, and the stone carvings of the authentic works of Chibi Fu. There are also ancient Ginkgo biloba and camphor trees with tree age of 340 years, and peonies with age of more than 100 years. Today's zuibaichi is famous for its towering ancient trees, jagged rocks, connected pavilions and pavilions, connected corridors and winding paths. She is graceful, graceful and graceful. She stands in a beautiful place among the clouds. She is appreciated by Chinese and foreign tourists.

Main attractions

Brick screen wall < / b > -- the brick screen wall at the gate of Zuibaichi Park is a building reflecting the ancient customs of zuibaichi and Songjiang. It highlights the main view, close-up view, long-term view and background of zuibai pool with the angle of overlooking and the exquisite knife technique of relief.

Corridor < / b > - there is an arc corridor across the lake in the outer Lake area, which is 70-80 meters long. There are stone benches beside the corridor, and precious flowers and trees are planted outside the corridor. There is a pavilion on the side of the middle part of the long corridor (it is called pavilion built on the bank and pavilion built in the water). The six corners of the pavilions and pavilions are cocked with eaves and corners. The top of the pavilions is high and sharp. On the top of the pavilions stands a crane, the Huating crane.

Built in the first year of Xuantong in the Qing Dynasty, the Caotang on the pool is famous at home and abroad for its water and stone houses and ancient trees and flowers. The whole building is majestic and elegant. In front of the hall, there are towering trees and strange rocks. Behind the hall, Guilin is lush and green. There are trees on the top to block out the sun, water pools on the bottom, curved bars and cross sills, facing the water; small bridges and running water are located by the pool. In the pond, the lotus leaves are southeast, and the fragrance of flowers comes in bursts. It has a poetic and picturesque flavor.

Zuibaichi < / b > - "zuibaichi" is the calligraphy of Mr. Cheng Shifa, a master of traditional Chinese painting of Yiren, with a style close to that of Tang Dynasty and Li Dynasty, and a smooth and comfortable pen. Inside is the horizontal plaque of "Xiangshan rhyme", which is written by the famous calligrapher Mr. Hu Wensui. The couplet on the pool "Han Gong's high intention is to inscribe zuibaichi, and Gu Shiya imitates the name of Qingchi" summarizes the origin of zuibaichi's name. In the hall, there are plaques written by Hu Wensui, a calligrapher, and ancient tables and chairs and tea tables in Ming and Qing Dynasties. In the pond, the lotus leaves are southeast, and the fragrance of flowers comes in bursts. If you have a poetic and picturesque feeling.

Carving hall < / b > - carving hall is an ancient building built in the early Qing Dynasty by the descendants of Zhang Donghai, the Ming Dynasty's Nanan Prefecture magistrate and Songjiang. It is now a district level cultural relics protection unit. The whole building is a classical house in the south of the Yangtze River with strict structure. There are hundreds of flowers and figure reliefs on the Liang Fang of the hall, which are very rare and precious. There are hundreds of flowers in the front hall and figures in the back hall. The carving hall is more than 100 years earlier than the Dongshan carving building in Suzhou. It is a rare ancient building with exquisite carving in Jiangnan.

On the window lattice, lintel and Liang Fang of the vestibule are all kinds of flowers that are opening. The large screen placed in the middle of the hall has four characters of "blooming flowers", summarizing the contents of the carving in the front hall. The carved flowers are not repeated, have verve, delicate and incomparable, lifelike. Just as the couplet on the column said, "love peony with tears in spring, unable to cover the morning branches with roses", the flower's mood was carved alive.

The back hall, including the wing rooms, doors and windows, and lintels are a set of relief pictures of the three kingdoms' characters' stories. Each picture reflects a story in the Three Kingdoms, which is never repeated before and after. From the beginning of "Taoyuan friendship" to Sima Yi's unification of China, there are probably more than one hundred story maps of the Three Kingdoms.

The stone carvings in the painting of bonyam among clouds - in the years of Yongzheng and Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty, Songjiang produced a famous painter who was good at painting landscape flowers and human figures. The stone carvings in the painting of bonyam among clouds in zuibaichi of Songjiang were made by Xu Zhang. He visited more than 100 people in Songjiang's ancient family, carefully copied them on white silk and framed them into volumes. "Bangyan" in the portrait is from the poem "bangzhiyan Xi" in the book of songs, "Yunjian" was named before Songjiang. It is the precious works of art and documents of Songjiang.

Xu Zhang, the word Yao Pu, has excellent painting skills. The Songjiang "Bangyan image" painted by him is not only good at using ancient methods, but also innovative. In addition to the line outline, it also uses light ink or color to render the halo, which makes the face of the figure have a three-dimensional sense. The subjects' eyebrows, eyes and hair are as red as cream awn, lively and lifelike, which is actually a masterpiece in the portrait. In 1891, Qiu Zhuping and Gu Xiangyuan thought that the picture of Bangyan, a famous person of Songjiang generation, was an important local document with excellent painting skills, allowing Leshi to hang for a long time. Later generations built this stone inscription "image of Bangyan" on the wall of Minglun Hall of the palace of Fuxue. In the early years of the Republic of China, local people moved it out and embedded it on the corridor wall of zuibaichi for many visitors to visit.

In the "Cultural Revolution", the image of Bangyan was painted with paper reinforced lime and survived. After prying up the paper reinforced lime, in addition to the slight damage of some stone carvings, it basically recovered its original appearance, and now it can be embedded in the corridor of zuibaichi in Songjiang for later generations.

The stone carving of "ten deer and nine turning heads" is a stone carving reflecting the history and legend of Songjiang. The relief of this stone carving is slightly square with a side length of about one meter. On the screen are ten vigorous sika deer running, vivid and lifelike. Nine of the ten deer look back, so it's called "ten deer nine look back". It's hard to find out when it was carved. It's speculated that it was probably carved by folk craftsmen in Ming and Qing Dynasties according to folk legends. According to the records of Songjiang Prefecture in Jiaqing of Qing Dynasty, "those who do not complete their work are called ten deer and nine turning heads". It is generally said that Songjiang has always been a land of fish and rice. Nine out of ten people who go out to work as officials or businessmen miss their hometown and want to return to it. Because of the homophony of deer and salary, it means that in nine out of ten people who depend on salary to eat will return to their rich hometown, where the leaves fall and return to their roots and never forget their hometown. So "ten deer and nine heads back" has become a synonym for nostalgia.

This stone carving was first embedded on the side wall of the stone bridge in front of Puzhao temple in Songjiang. After the bridge was demolished, the stone carving was moved to the "first floor of the cloud room" for display. After the building was destroyed (1950), it was moved to zuibaichi garden.

Inscriptions of "hard to get confused" -- the phrase "hard to get confused" was written by Zheng Banqiao, one of the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou, a famous calligrapher and painter in the Qing Dynasty, at the time of official frustration. At that time, when Zheng Banqiao was appointed as governor of Weixian County, Shandong Province, he suffered from severe famine, with no harvest of crops. Farmers fled from famine and begged everywhere. Many people died of hunger, and a large number of farmers rushed to the government for food. According to the regulations of the government at that time, it was necessary to go through the examination and approval procedures with the higher government to open warehouses and release grain to relieve the victims, and it would take seven days at least. Zheng Banqiao saw that the victims struggling on the death line could not wait any longer, so he resolutely opened the granary and quickly distributed relief food to the victims. The victims were saved, but Zheng Banqiao was stopped. After his dismissal, he wrote a group of words "hard to get confused".

"Bamboo leaf poem" inscription < / b > - the bamboo leaf depicted on the stone tablet is actually a four character and five unique poem written by Guan Yu, which expresses his yearning for Liu Bei day and night. The arrangement of bamboo leaf characters is: "no thanks to Dong Junyi, the independent name of Danqing. Don't be afraid of the lonely leaves, they will not wither for a long time. " Guan Yu was in caoying and Han Dynasty. He was determined to return to Liu Bei after knowing his brother Liu Bei's whereabouts. Because Cao Cao was heavily fortified, the story of Guan Yunchang cutting six generals in the Three Kingdoms happened.

"Kuixing" inscription < / b > - this inscription was made in Jiaqing period of Qing Dynasty. With the words of Confucius, "to cultivate one's mind and self-cultivation, to conquer one's own and restore one's courtesy", the eight character group painting became a "Wenkui" image. The words "Zheng" are forehead, eyes and nose, the word "heart" is mouth, the word "Xiu" is left hand and waist, the word "body" is right foot, the word "Ke" is right hand, the word "Ke" is above a horizontal brush, the word "Ji" is ear, the word "Fu" is belt knot, and the word "Li" is left foot. It seems that Wenkui star is still dancing! It's said that whoever points to the pen in Wenkui's hand will win the first prize.

Four sides hall < / b > - the architecture of Ming Dynasty. It was originally the book of rites in Wanli period of Ming Dynasty. Dong Qichang, a famous calligrapher and painter, used to chant, which is also known as "Zhujia Mountain House" (also known as East Garden). Dong Gong used to write for this hall: "the hall is open on all sides, with stone on the back of the pool, xuanhuoshuangkai on the back, Guangting on the front, qikecongxiao on the back, yingdai on the left and right, zhuozu on the right, xiyouzhenying on the right". In front of the hall, there is ancient Zhangfeng wind and rain for more than 300 years It's full of shade and vitality. It's surrounded by ancient rattan and has a simple wind.

Xuehai hall < / b > - Xuehai hall is a five bay hall built in the late Qing Dynasty during the Xuantong period. Therefore, plum blossom is widely planted in front of the original hall. When the plum blossom opens, there is a snow sea, so it is called the snow sea hall. The plaque on the hall was originally written by the people of the city and was destroyed in the war. Now, the word "xuehaitang" is written by Zhu Kongyang, a City native, at the age of 92. There is a small courtyard in the West and east of Xuehai hall, each of which is planted with an old osmanthus tree over 100 years old. There are a pair of large-scale carved stone lions in front of the Xuehai hall. They are relics of the Hongwu Period of the Ming Dynasty. They were once placed on the tomb of the wife of Prime Minister Xu Jie in Songjiang of the Ming Dynasty. After several changes of owners, they were moved to the tomb of Xu Guangqi's daughter. Until modern times, it was moved from there and placed here for people to watch.

Car hall < / b > - - car hall and Baocheng building are tall halls with front and back entry structure, which are car hall in advance and Baocheng building in the back, separated by courtyard in the middle. Looking ancient, it is the building of Kangxi period in Qing Dynasty The sedan chair hall is a place for the owner to go out. It can be seen that the owner of the sedan chair was a rich man. In the car hall, there is a big car for eight people to lift for the male master on the east side, and a big car for four women to lift on the west side. Men are superior to women, which is very clear.

Traffic guide

Address: No.64, South Renmin Road, Songjiang District

Transportation Guide: Take Shanghai Songjiang Expressway (Shanghai Gymnasium - Shanghai Hangzhou Expressway - Songjiang), Songmei special line (Meilong - Songjiang), Shanghai Songjiang special line (people's Square - Songjiang) to Songjiang Ledu road bus station, transfer to Songjiang No.5 road to zuibaichi; Songjiang No.5, No.8 and No.9 of Shanghai Hangzhou railway station can reach zuibaichi.

Line 9: zuibaichi station.

Self driving route: inner ring viaduct - humin viaduct - Xinzhuang interchange - G60 Shanghai Kunming Expressway - Songjiang exit - Rongle middle road - Renmin North Road - Renmin South Road - zuibaichi. (take the first line of songhuan from zuibaichi to Fangta Garden.)

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