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Xilin Temple

Source:http://www.flychinatravel.com Clicks:Date:2019-11-07 15:56





The Xilin Temple in Songjiang, Shanghai, was built in Xianchun period of the Southern Song Dynasty. It has a history of more than 700 years. At the beginning, it was named Yunjian reception hospital. There was Chongen Pagoda in the hospital. It was magnificent. It was destroyed by soldiers in the early Yuan Dynasty. In the 20th year of Hongwu reign of the Ming Dynasty (1387 A.D.), it was rebuilt and renamed as Xilin temple, and a pagoda was built, commonly known as Xilin pagoda. At the same time, it is also to commemorate the founder of Yunjian reception center in Southern Song Dynasty, monk Yuanying, so it is easy to call Yuanying tower.

The tower has seven floors, 46 and 5 meters in height. The tower is towering and strict. The three Wu pagodas are the most famous. During the orthodox period, Ming Ying's clans granted plaques and granted the title of "the west forest Buddhist temple of Ming Dynasty". At that time, there were more than 600 monks, who were in full swing until the Qing Dynasty. Famen has been passed down from generation to generation and expanded over the years, which is called Jiangnan famous temple.


geographical position

The Xilin temple in Songjiang District of Shanghai, which runs 300 meters west from Renmin Road, Songjiang District, along Zhongshan West Road, stands out in front of us. This is Xilin temple, a famous temple in the south of the Yangtze River Walking into the temple gate and looking up, I can see the hand of master Mingshan, President of Jiangsu Buddhist Association: "Mahavira hall" inscribed on the plaque. The stippling is full of the strong calligraphy style of the orthodox Northern Wei Dynasty of Yungang Stone Carvings in Datong, which is not particularly accessible. On the ridge of the Dragon kiss in the hall, the four characters "Buddha day increases brightness" are shining in the sun, which are left by the Jinyingzi scholars. The back of the ridge is the "constant rotation of Dharma wheel".

Treasure of town temple

In the autumn of 1992, the Songjiang Museum presided over the renovation of the Xilin tower with the funding from the Shanghai Municipal Commission of cultural administration. On November 29, 1993, when the repairmen unloaded the tower, they found that there were many Buddhist statues, ancient coins and other cultural relics in the copper sandwich of the gourd on the top of the treasure. There are golden Buddha, silver Buddha, gilded gold and silver Avalokitesvara, gilded gold and silver Wenkui star, jade Avalokitesvara, Buddhist scriptures, silver tablets, wooden boards, bronze seals and ancient coins. More than 50 pieces. Most of them were from Daoguang to Guangxu. On December 15 of the same year, more than 70 ornaments, such as gold and silver Buddha, gold and copper Buddha, bronze Buddha, jade arhat, jade wall, jade ring, jade inkstone, ancient money, Buddhist Scripture, amber and agate, were found in the brick underground palace at the base of Tasha. In Ming Dynasty, there are still things in song, yuan and pre Song Dynasty. From January 23 to 25, 1994, the pagoda underground palace was excavated and found at. In the underground palace of 0.65 cubic space, there are orderly arranged Buddha statues, Avalokitesvara statues and Silver Tower models. The tripod, stove and basin seem to be a small underground Buddha Hall. Several treasure basins are filled with hundreds of jade carvings. Agate, amber, crystal, coral and other accessories. There are more than 70 gold and silver Buddha statues, gold and Silver Pagodas and other models in the small Buddha Hall of the underground palace, as well as bronze tripod stove, jade lamp, jade bowl, jade plate, etc. What's more, the < b > relic < / b > for Yuanying, the founder of Xilin temple, is the treasure of the famous temple.

Historical evolution

Since the beginning of the Republic of China, the frequency of wars has been declining. During the "Cultural Revolution" period, it was almost in ruins. Relying on the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China's reform and opening up, the religious policy has been gradually implemented, and the Buddha Day has become more and more prosperous, and Xilin has become more and more prosperous. Zhang Xuming, the great monk in front, presided over the restoration, which took five years to take shape.

In February, 1992, the sexual monk succeeded the abbot, made great efforts to plan, and revived the ethos. He not only rebuilt the Pilu hall, newly molded the Pilu Buddha and the twenty heavens, but also rebuilt the Mahavira hall and the East chamber, established the Songjiang District Buddhist Association, presided over the daily work, and led the four disciples to study. In 1992, the Xilin pagoda, with the grant of Shanghai culture and Management Commission, was now located in Yunjian. The next year, it was found that there were more than 100 ornaments in the pagoda, such as gilded Buddha, jade arhat, amber, agate, and so on, which were offered to the Buddhist monk Yuanying. Today, the memorial archway and the bell and Drum Tower of Xilin temple have been completed under the leadership of the sexual monk. Relying on the eternal light of Buddha, good faith and support, thanks to the concern of the urban government, it was developed in the reconstruction planning of Zhongshan middle road and purchased land in the West. The district government also planned the northeast corner of our temple to Xilin temple as a permanent Temple product. In the future, our temple will expand the functions of Wenshu hall, Puxian hall, Sanshen hall, pharmacist hall, east-west wing room, Buddha Hall, Zen hall, sutra collection building, Abbot's room, Zhaitang, library, exhibition room and other auxiliary halls according to the overall planning. After its completion, the Xilin Buddhist temple covers a total area of more than 10 mu. It is believed that it will be an important place for people from all walks of life to participate in the practice, listen to the Scriptures, listen to the Dharma, meditate, and cultivate talents. In the future, the expansion project will cost a lot of money. It depends on the good deeds of ten good men and women, the good people and the good people of the society, who help each other to accomplish the cause of ten good men and women.

Songjiang < b > Buddhism < / b > has a long history. Longhua Jing'an, built in chiwu, was loujing at that time, then Songjiang, now Shanghai. Songjiang is a place where great monks and virtues come forth in large numbers. Within the Fucheng, there are ten temples and thirteen pagodas in Tang Dynasty. Xu Shang, a poet of Huating in Song Dynasty, wrote a famous poem "Xilin" in the poem "a hundred chants of Huating". It was recorded in three Mau and nine peaks. Only in the arbor forest outside the west gate of the city, flying eagle and spirit vulture frequently. In the Xianchun period of the Southern Song Dynasty, master Yuanying built a pagoda in the north of songqingyun bridge. At first, it was called Yunjian reception hall, later tingen temple, also known as chongen temple. The tower also has the same name. It has eight sides and seven floors, with a total height of 46 and 5 meters. It is said that the three Wu pagodas are the best in the world. Yuan destroyed the war, and Sanskrit sound sank. In the Ming Dynasty, master WuChun Hou found the site of the temple, rebuilt the Xilin Buddhist temple, renamed it Yuanying tower, and worshipped Yuanying master's holy bones for the heaven palace. About fifty years later, Wang Bian, a great disciple of Chunhou, and other scholars, moved the pagoda behind the heavenly king's palace to appreciate the difficulties and virtues of creating the temple, and also honored it as the spiritual relics of their ancestors.

In the 13th year of Ming Dynasty (1448), the emperor of Yingzong ascended the throne and granted amnesty to the temple and pagoda, which was also named "Xilin Temple". Twenty years later, Emperor Yingzong once again granted gold to expand the temple, which was honored as the Dragon Court and celebrated the exchange of mountains. With more than 600 monks in the courtyard, it became a famous temple in Jiangnan. In 1452, the third year of Jingtai reign of the Ming Dynasty, Emperor Daizong left a plaque with the title of "Buddha's Day enhances brightness". The hall of Pilu behind the high hanging tower is honored with its unique features and is famous all over the world.

Since then, more than five hundred years later, the Buddhist temple and pagoda in Xilin have been maintained, and the sound of bells and drums has been heard in the peak.

building structure

Dragon kiss ridge < / b > has fish tail on both sides, small Bodhisattva shaped above the lace dripping, four heavenly kings in the vertical belt, and a gourd decorated in the middle of the ridge top. Looking up at the whole hall, it is the traditional Xie mountain style single eaves architectural style of ancient famous temples in China. The top of the ridge is also decorated with an elephant trunk. And shaping "the front dragon and the back Phoenix", implying the meaning of auspicious dragon and Phoenix. With seven lines of ridge decoration and grey ancient tile roof, people seem to see the real architecture of the times. In fact, this magnificent hall is a new building rebuilt on the old site of the original hall. The main hall, which was built before the Ming Dynasty, can only see two pieces of mulberry stones under the upper circle with a weight of about 4 tons. The relics of 700 years ago have become the treasure of the new main hall. Walking out of the back door of the main hall, which is composed of six floor lattice long windows, it is only more than ten steps away, that is, the towering Yuanying pagoda of Xilin Zen temple. There are seven floors and eight sides of the tower body, which are made of brick and wood. There are brick ladders built in the walls of the tower wall for climbing. The tower, 46.5m high, is still the highest Pagoda in Shanghai. According to the relevant inscriptions, the Xilin temple and the Xilin pagoda, which are said to be "towering and majestic, and the three Wu pagodas are the best in the world", have a history of more than 700 years. In the 21st year of Hongwu reign of the Ming Dynasty (1388), the temple and pagoda were rebuilt. In order to commemorate the founder of Yunjian reception center of the Southern Song Dynasty, Zen monk Yuanying, the name of chongen pagoda was changed to Yuanying pagoda. The pagoda was rebuilt several times in 1613, 1793, 1840 and 1875. Yuanying pagoda is now established as Xilin pagoda.

Future planning

Songjiang, Shanghai, has three Mau nine peaks and outstanding people. According to historical records, Songjiang Prefecture was built first and then Shanghai county platform, with a history of more than 1500 years. There are many temples and five religions in the old town of Songjiang. Among them, Xilin temple, which belongs to Linji Taoism center of Zen, has a history of more than 700 years. It is a typical architectural style of Ming and Qing Dynasties with the integration of temples and pagodas. In the heyday of Ming Dynasty, there were five or six hundred monks in the temple. Things are changeable. The temple has experienced many vicissitudes and suffered many times from war. After the fall of government, in November 1986, Xilin Temple reopened. At that time, there were only three holy halls, pharmacist hall and other single-layer huts standing in the surrounding vegetable market. After 20 years of hard work, it has begun to take shape. However, with the transformation of Songjiang old city (Huating old street) and the development of new city, Xilin temple also ushered in the opportunity of development. In the macro consideration of forward-looking and sustainable development, the future process must be planned as a whole, with the content of science and technology and artistic value of Zhang.

Xilin temple covers an area of 11 Mu and 8%, with a building area of nearly 2600 square meters. In July 2004, when China realized the "flying dream", the great monk wuduan was honored as the abbot of Xilin temple in Songjiang. In order to practice human Buddhism, carry forward Buddhist culture, keep pace with the times, play a unique role in building a harmonious society, and start to conceive a blueprint for a new round of temple development. It is planned to take Daxiong hall, "Yuanying tower" and Pilu hall as the central axis, expand and reconstruct Gongde hall, nianfo hall, Sanshen hall, Puxian hall, pharmacist hall, Wenshu hall on both sides, create library, exhibition room, Suzhai hall, sangliao hall and a small number of guest room facilities, and the area is planned to be completed within five years, but far from meeting the needs of major Buddhist activities. In line with the concept of sustainable development, carry forward the Buddhist culture, reflect the characteristics of Zen, and fully display the profound connotation of Chinese Buddhist culture. On the basis of the completion of the existing plot, the construction of the temple will be faced with the requisition of nearly one mu of plot in the northeast corner; the future architectural planning will be gradually promoted in depth, and it is planned to requisition about 12 mu of residential land in the north direction, to build the Buddhist culture and Education Industrial Park: including the exhibition and publication of literature and Museum, classic translation research, cultivation of monks and residents; the experience of Zen and pure double cultivation, four people's presence An important place for final care, etc. At that time, the built Daochang will become a Buddhist resort with elegant environment, a group of buildings in Ming and Qing Dynasties style to show the Buddhist art value, and four courtyards to reflect the characteristics of Zen in the south of the Yangtze River.

Temple pattern

In March, 1956 (1992), the sex monk was succeeded by Longhua Lisong as the abbot of Xilin temple. Over the years, we have devoted ourselves to the grand plan, tried our best to plan, and then invigorated the ethos. We have not only rebuilt the hall of Pilu, newly molded the Buddha of Pilu and the twenty heavens, but also rebuilt the hall of Mahavira, the memorial archway and the bell and Drum Tower. Under all kinds of difficulties, he also presided over the restoration and reconstruction of the Dafang temple in Xinbang and the ancient temple in the east of the city. During the period, Songjiang District Buddhist Association was established to coordinate the daily work. It was found that there were more than 600 ornaments in the pagoda, such as gilded Buddha, jade arhat, amber, agate and Yuanying Zen master's holy bone relics, which were hidden in the city's cultural relics. After coordinating with the relevant authorities, the venerable monk went to Shanghai culture and culture administration to welcome Yuanying Buddhist monk to return to the temple and offer to the pagoda heaven palace. Xilin is full of splendor and great merits! Expand the functions of Manjusri hall, Puxian hall, Sanshen hall, pharmacist hall, east-west wing room, Buddha Hall, Zen hall, sutra collection building, Abbot's room, Zhai hall, Suzhai hall, library, exhibition room and other auxiliary halls.

"The hall of Mahavira" is lofty and solemn. The plaque is written by the great monk of Mingshan mountain. It is delicate. The main Buddha in the main hall is Sakyamuni sitting figure and two figures. There are eighteen Arhats on both sides, and there are Guanyin and thirty-two figures on the island. Stepping out of the island, you can see the "Yuanying tower" standing in the center of the temple. It is a relic of the Ming Dynasty, 47 meters high, with eight sides and seven floors. It is a landmark building in Xilin temple. Building a tower can obtain immeasurable blessings. The immeasurable Life Sutra says, "the reason for living in pure land is to set up a tower and erect a statue." The merits and virtues of the pagoda should not be underestimated. "If a man waits for a hundred thousand gold and sweeps it, it is better to be kind-hearted and respectful to the pagoda." - monk running rules. The back seat of the central axis is the hall of Pilu with the double eaves of Xieshan, 16 meters high and 20 meters deep. Zhao Puchu, the late president of the Buddhist Association, wrote in calligraphy "Pilu hall", which is vigorous and powerful, leaving precious calligraphy for later generations. The temple's offerings represent the Dharma body, the Buddha peluzana, the great Brahma heaven, the emperor's interpretation heaven and the twenty heavens.

The Xilin Temple of Songjiang is located in the old street of Huating in the old urban area. It has a large and majestic structure of brick, stone and wood. Four stone lions guard the Buddha. On both sides of the wall, "ruofang" and "tuojie" show the true meaning of Buddhism. And written by Du Xuan, a famous scholar in Shanghai, he said: "the ancient temple stands in the seventh period of the rise and fall of the Yunjian period, and the water of the Liusong river is still there, and the ten directions of the Zen wind to the west forest show the pagoda light." A pair of couplets is also the way out of Xilin temple's long history and the meaning of worship. The two gates are wide and unobstructed. They welcome many pilgrims to worship the Buddha. The yellow wall of the temple is set off by the ginkgo trees around it, which makes it more solemn. The entrance to the mountain is the square paved with bluestone, decorated with bat patterns, and orderly placed pines and cypresses bonsai on both sides. In the center of the square is the bronze "Changming lamp", surrounded by the six character Daming mantra of "kummani bamihong", which is engraved on eight sides with the Scripture of "respecting victory mantra". In the East and West, the bell and Drum Tower is a two-story structure of stone, brick and wood, with underground storage hall and Guanyin hall. The bronze clock weighs about two tons, which was cast with donations from 108 believers. It is engraved with the following words: "when hearing the bell, worry is light; wisdom is long, Bodhi is increased. From hell, out of the pit of fire; willing to become a Buddha, all living beings The bells are loud and sound everywhere; the diameter of the big drum is 2 meters, and the drum sound is deep. Morning bell and evening drum show the solemnity and solemnity of Buddhism!

There are three holy halls and pharmacists' halls in the old hall, which is also the ancestral hall of the successive abbots of Xilin temple The environment of the temple is elegant, and the limited greening sketch is also arranged properly. The layout of bonsai around the pagoda adds to the quiet atmosphere of the pagoda, which is praised by the believers. When there is a major Buddhist activity, a new one is arranged according to the relevant content requirements.

Abbot of past dynasties

Yuanying < / b >: he is the founder of Xilin temple. In the Xianchun period of the Southern Song Dynasty, his birth and death dates are unknown. In response to the victory of pure land, the master built a pagoda in the north of Qingyun bridge in Songjiang River. The temple is named yunwai and the pagoda is named chongen pagoda.

FA Wang Bian < / b >: in about 50 years after Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty, the surname was born and died in an unknown time. Because of the difficulties of the temple, the pagoda was built behind the king of heaven palace, which was also revered for the spiritual relics of the ancestors.

Yuanlin: in 1930 (during the Republic of China), the surname is unknown. Mr. Wang Yiting once visited Xilin temple and met with the abbot, master Yuanlin.

Born in 1911, it is the surname of Qingpu District, Shanghai. It passed away to the West on June 24, 1990. It was 80 years old and lived in senra for 44 years. In November 1986, Longhua Temple in Shanghai came to Xilin temple to preside over the work. In 1987, on the fifth day of August in the lunar calendar, the great monk of the Ming Dynasty was promoted to his seat, and the elder of Mingyang was sent to his seat.

Chunhou < / b >: the surname was born and died in Hongwu Period of Ming Dynasty. Because the temple was destroyed in the Bingxian in the Yuan Dynasty, the teacher found the site of the temple again, built the Xilin Buddhist temple and renamed the tower "Yuanying tower", and worshiped Yuanying master, the ancestor of Yuanying, for sacrificing his holy bones to the heaven palace of the tower.

Sex modification master < / b >:

He was a member of the Shanghai Buddhist Association, a member of the Standing Committee of the Songjiang District CPPCC, a chairman of the district Buddhist Association, a Buddhist master of the Xilin temple, and a Buddhist monk in Shenzhou. Teachers and students died on October 20, 1919, and September 20, 2006. He lived eighty and eight years, and in seventy-nine years of senra he gave up sixty-three summers. The surname is sun Jiaduo, Sundong village, Suchen Town, Taizhou, Jiangsu Province. At the age of nine, he became a monk in wujinyuan nunnery of Changzhou, and then went to Chengguang Temple of Longchi mountain of Yixing to receive the precept and practice the law. I used to go to a private school before, and I read "ancient literature observation" to study Yanliu. In the 18th year, he was given a specific precept in Chengguang temple. In the 19th year, he joined Changzhou Tianning Buddhist Institute to learn teaching principles. The next year, he transferred to Dinghui Temple Buddhist Institute in Jiaoshan to learn Buddhism. The Anti Japanese war is a war of common hatred. The division took the lead and bravely joined the Sangha rescue team of Huyu Buddhist temple. Yuanying and Piao Laoyi were the only ones who showed their respect, and they fought against foreign aggression together with Zen. Two years later, he was appointed as the Deputy Temple of Shanghai fazang temple, and transferred to Haihui temple as a know-how. The victory of the Anti Japanese war was recommended by the birth master as the abbot of Chengtian temple in Suzhou. At the beginning of the founding of the people's Republic of China, he returned to Shanghai as the main Haihui temple. In the following year, Huikai recommended Anhua, the owner of Yong'an crematorium in Wuxi law circle, to retire in 1979. In 1983, he returned to the legal world in Tiantong temple. At the end of the next year, master Mingyang invited him to serve as the supervisor of Longhua ancient temple and awarded him the Buddhist award. From July 18 to 24, 1987, he was invited to Guangji temple in Beijing by Xuanhua old monk. A hundred monks from Shanghai Longhua Temple went to the United States to preach Dharma, and held a water, land and air Dharma meeting in the holy city of Ten Thousand Buddhas in California. The master sang the inner altar of Brahma, and the magpie was renowned in the world of law at home and abroad, which made the first time that Brahma of Shenzhou went to the other side of the ocean to return to glory! On March 1, 1992, master Mingyang sent a chair to teach the Xilin Buddhist temple in Songjiang to revive the religious style. On July 5, 2004, he was awarded the title of Dharma Master monk, and the Buddhist monk gave his seat to the non sycophant. Over the past 12 years, he has worked hard for the reconstruction of Pilu hall, Mahavira hall, bell and Drum Tower, and monk's office. It is also the construction of Buddhist Association, Dafang Buddhist temple, dongchan ancient temple, Jiufeng temple, Yanshou temple, Futian Jingsi temple, two pagodas of Chongguang in the West Lin'an square, the city's first creation of Buddhist hospice, the cultivation of young monks, hard work and hard work. I kept a Buddhist hand and joined the collection of the characters of Samana Buddha. This just proves that the teacher has done great work to the Buddha in his whole life. He is merciful and prosperous. He will become a model of Buddhism forever. Great virtue and Buddhist practice, people and heaven are together! Jishou would like to tell you!

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